Architecture as any compositional art makes extensive use of symmetry. Across all cultures and in all time periods, architectural compositions are symmetrically arranged. There are so many kinds of symmetry, so many kinds of architecture and so many ways of viewing architecture.
Architecture differs fundamentally from other form of arts because of its spatiality. It provides us with a special opportunity to experience the sunny that’s within it as well as seeing it. This is only possible because it consists of both solid and void.
In architecture, symmetry is the reflection of shared forms, shapes or angles across a central line or axis. This is one of the oldest and most continuously used. Symmetry helps bind various elements of a structure into a single unified whole. symmetry is also commonly used to create a sense of rational order and calm logic.
Symmetry is a favoured aesthetic of the ancient Greeks and Romans. It was also used later in Renaissance as a way to find true beauty, while in the early Modern movement, the eradication of symmetry was an essential part of breaking with history and creating architecture that stand out of the norm.
Symmetry can be seen on many scales, from the relationship between single details to the layout of a complete structure. Even entire urban centres have been built on a symmetrical grid pattern as seen in aerial photographs of Barcelona.
Symmetry is also a method of achieving order in design. However, not all architecture has to be symmetrical but balance is essential through carefully composition. Unbalance creates tension and elements may feel distracting.
There is someone beautiful in symmetry. It is so beautiful that it is also present in nature. It conveys a sense of balance, ease, comfort, stability and even silence. Maybe it is the shapes or repeated patterns but the human eye can easily recognise symmetry.